Saturday, June 18, 2011

Cubist Cityscape with Ethel Pearce Nerger



DISCUSSION: 
Cubism
artist and the artwork: Red Car on view at the Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA
geometric shape and organic shapes
above art and artist
reducing city scape to geometric shapes, reducing a car to shapes


Artist: Ethel Pearce Nerger 
1901-1985
American Painter
Born on February 16, 1901 in Norfolk, West Virginia, Nerger was one of seven children.
In 1932, they moved to San Francisco. 
She was a prominent West Coast abstract impressionist, 
She was active during the 1940's and 50's in San Francisco art circles. 
Many of the over 200 paintings she produced in her career were sold in that period. 
A member of the San Francisco Women Artists
Her work was also shown in the 1950 New York Metropolitan Museum exhibition, "American Art Today."
Nerger began painting in 1936 and from then on, she once said, "I had no other goal." 
My experimenting has led me to what I call my sublinear paintings, many of which are based on my relationship with my children."
Though Nerger's farm background had family inspired many of her works, her "sublinear" style was at time highly abstract, confusing to some peers and critics while it was likened by others to that of Picasso or Chagall. 
In 1948, she defined her style and philosophy in a submission to a book on California art by Arthur Miller, Los Angeles Times art critic:
I will attempt to explain why I describe my style as sublinear. It is to me similar to a combination of several mathematical equations. The given area is designed by shapes, either solid or by implied line, with the negative (the sub) bearing a very close relationship to the principal shape. This happens throughout my work almost automatically as lines define forms and planes. I use all mediums, but water color is my more natural way of expression.
In 1957, frustrated by the politics of the Bay Area art world, Nerger withdrew, continuing to sculpt and paint, but exhibiting infrequently and refusing to promote her work. 
Nerger exhibited for the final time in 1969. Shortly afterward, 1n 1971, she suffered several strokes and never painted again. She died in 1985.
In June of 2009 two of her oil paintings have been accepted for permanent collection by the prestigious Crocker Art Museum in Sacramento
for additional information: ethelnerger.com/paintings05.html

PROJECT: students use geometric wooden shapes to create cubist style cityscape
Step1: using blocks create a car in the foreground lightly trace the blocks with a pencil once created
Step2: using lines create at least two buildings. Using the wooden blocks add windows, doors and details of a building
Step3: using organic shape create several trees in the middle ground of your piece
Step4: using a series of organic shapes create mountains behind your buildings
Step5: trace all pencils line with Sharpie add a few extra lines in the mountains 
Step6: add in oil pastels of all colors and blue tape
Step7: paint in these different shapes using values of colors. Really think about color choices before applying.

MATERIALS:
Wooden blocks
watercolor paint and paper
pencils









American Impressionist landscape with Birger Sandzen



Discussion: 
Birger Sandzen and the artwork
PINES AND ASPEN, ROCKY MOUNTAIN NATIONAL PARK, COLORADO, 1929, crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA
Impressionism
Pointillism
light values 
stencils
matisse method of painting with scissors for stencils
pollack method of spraying paint (we will use toothbrushes)

Artist: Birger Sandzen  (5 February 1871–19 June 1954), 
he was a Swedish-American painter best known for his landscapes. 
He produced most of his work while working as an art professor at the Bethany College, Lindsborg, Kansas.[1]
A painter and printmaker, Birger Sandzén was one of the first European-trained, avant-garde artists to settle in the American heartland. 
Born in the village of Blidsberg, Sweden 
Took classes with the internationally known Swedish Impressionist painter and etcher Anders Zorn. 
In 1894, he moved to Paris to attend a painting class by Edmond François Aman-Jean and encountered firsthand the Pointillism of Georges Seurat. 
Sandzén was drawn to Kansas to teach at Bethany College
He immediately assumed a leading role in the cultural life of the Midwest, exerting enormous influence upon the development of art in Kansas and surrounding states. 
He traveled to find his subjects, not just in Kansas but extensively in the desert Southwest and Rocky Mountains of Colorado. 
This painting of Rocky Mountain National Park is a scene that the artist depicted often. 
As in much of Sandzén’s production, the subject matter of rocks, water, and trees is secondary to the artist’s expressive color and application of pigment. 
With thick areas of impasto and brushwork left evident, highkeyed colors exist side by side in full intensity, mixing optically to produce an expressive surface that celebrates both the topography depicted and the art of painting.

PROJECT: students create pointillism landscape using stencils tape resist and toothbrushes
picture landscape in your mind: trees in middle ground, mountains behind, pond in foreground
Step1: in the middle ground draw a rock shape
Step2: in the foreground draw a pond
Step3: using blue tape tear and place in your tree onto your rock in the middle ground
Step4: using poster board cut a mountain range
Step3: place mountain range on to your paper protecting all below
                tape down your painting and the mountain stencil so that they won't move during the 
                splattering
Step4: using a toothbrush and scissors spray in your sky in teh background
Step4: remove mountains paint in mountains and middle ground using the side of your medium brush like oval dots
Step5: paint in your pond using the tip of a q-tip small round dots
Step6: remove your tape from the trees using the side of your small brush add in black side brush ovals creating a birch tree
Step7: using the small point dot of the tip of your paint brush add in the leaves of the tree.
MATERIALS: 
watercolor paper and paints
q-tips
blue tape
poster board
card stock or poster board for mountain stencils







Woven Value Seascapes with Si-Chen Yuan



DISCUSSION: 
Artist and the artwork: 


Si-Chan Yuan

BEACH, MONTEREY, CA. 1968-1974, Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA

seascapes, sand in foreground, water in middle ground, sky in background
linear horizon
wash with texture Burlap pieces to give sand like quality
drawing with pencil
wash in water several blue values
Greyscale

Artist: Si-Chen Yuan (1911-   )
Born in Hangchow, China, Si-Chen Yuan studied at the Fine Arts Academy in Nanking, 
He practiced Western styles and worked in oil paint—as opposed to traditional ink painting. By the time of his graduation, China was in turmoil, caught between nationalist and communist politics. 
For a time, Yuan worked as an artist producing political propaganda for the Nationalist party. But, when the Communist party gained control in 1949, he left China. 
The following year he became a United States citizen. 
Yuan was seduced by Monterey’s dramatic coast and moved there in 1951. 
He married in 1953,  
In addition to portraits of family and friends, Yuan painted a range of subject matter, including still lifes, landscapes, and seascapes, and he experimented with non-representational abstraction. 
He painted swiftly and energetically, as friends recall, using broad strokes to rapidly render his subjects. 
He delighted in the interplay of color, which he applied thickly. 

PROJECT: create seascape in color and greyscale to be woven together

Step1: using a pencil draw a seascape: include the sky, water, sand and objects in sand (people, umbrellas, etc)
Step2: draw the same drawing a second time as close to the original as possible
Step3: paint in the first using color
Step4: add texture to the sand by adding salt while it is still wet










Step5: Paint second drawing an values of grey












Step6: once both paintings are complete cut one in strips vertically (be sure that you do not cut all the way through leave 1/4" at the edge to make weaving easier) 
Step7: Cut the second piece horizontally (cut these stripes all the way and place them slightly above your work space in the order in which they should be woven back in).
Step7: weave the two together creating a woven seascape.













MATERIALS: 
watercolor paper 
Liquid watercolor paints
salt
pencils
black and white acrylic paints for grey scale. 3 to 4 values of grey should be enough. 





Monoprint Reflection landscapes with Gregory Kondos



DISCUSSION:
Landscapes from a new perspective
Artist and the artwork: Sacramento River, 1981 Crocker Art Museum, Sacramento, CA
Washes
graded washes
centered horizon lines
reflective water
monochromatic
value
Mono prints

Artist: Gregory Kondos
1923-
Painter Gregory Kondos executes thickly painted landscapes known for their buttery spread of bright, warm color. Even the cool tones of the color blue in a Kondos painting are heated, evoking sun-warmed expanses of summer sky and waters. Perhaps this is because of the intense light that drenches the Sacramento and Napa Valleys that he likes to depict. Heat also plays a role, causing the regional landscape to shimmer in a veil of heavy air that mutes the intensity of color and broadly flattens detail. This, of course, is common in Sacramento, home to the artist, where he has painted and taught for half a century. 
In his use of high-keyed color and broad paint handling Kondos shows an affinity to artists such as Wayne Thiebaud, with whom he shares an abiding friendship, Roland Petersen, and Bay Area artist Raimonds Staprans. Unique to Kondos, however, is his verity to subject. Arguably, Petersen and Staprans overtly generalize the landscape, while Thiebaud’s landscape forays are about pattern and its role in establishing illusion. Kondos’s compositions are balanced in order to express not only the tranquility of the scene, but also the pleasure of solitary communion with nature. The artist offers, “If you look at my work, you will find qualities of quietness and cleanliness, but, above all, you’ll find that I’m a loner.” 
PROJECT: 
create a reflective landscape using the mono print method
Step1: Fold your paper in half horizontally
Step2: Using liquid watercolor Paint a tree trunk
Step3: fold your paper to print the tree trunk
Step4: continue painting and printing tree trunks until you have 3-7 trees
Step5: add a tree top on one of your trunks, fold and print your tree tops
Step6: continue until all of your trees have tops
Step7: add land under your trees, grass or hills, etc. and fold your paper to print them 
Step8: add your sky behind the trees, remember to print them before they dry you might print several times during teh painting process
Last: using wet brush with clear water pull the reflection slightly to give it a more real reflective quality
MATERIALS: 
watercolor paper
watercolors







Tuesday, June 14, 2011

abstract landscape with Jerrold Ballaine



DISCUSSION:
Look at Ballaine's work Autumn landscape, 1960
what do you see.
Is there a shadow? is there water? what is the white spot?
Expressionism
Oil resist
texture
lifting out color
adding texture with “new” art tools

ARTIST: Jerrold Ballaine was born in Seattle, Washington in 1934.  
He attended the University of Washington in Seattle.  
He got his BFA from the California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco in 1959 and his MFA from the San Francisco Art Institute in 1961.  
Ballaine taught at the University of California, Berkeley from 1965 through 1994.

PROJECT: students create expressionist type landscape using oil resist and texture
Step1: Draw a horizon line
at least one tree, 
something in the background on the horizon, body of water, etc...
Two organic shapes
a shadow for your tree
Add an organic shape of tape 
add newspaper in a geometric shape
Step2: fill in a great deal of the piece BELOW the horizon using very thick oil pastel in several colors
Step3: using craft stick scrape oil pastel in certain ares to lift and move 
Step4: using a sponge begin to add in watercolor in the background add it in lines of value
Pure color across the top in a line
add water to the sponge and another line under
add more water and a third line
continue if needed
Step5: push the watercolor by scraping in in one area.
Step6: add a wash of color in foreground and cover with plastic wrap to dry
MATERIALS: 
oil pastels
craft sticks to take away oil pastels and later to scrape watercolor
watercolor paper
watercolor paint
plastic wrap
paper towels
sponges







Horizonless Landscape with Wayne Thiebaud



three hour class

Discuss landscapes
Practice: create three practice pages of washes and techniques that will be used in a later project.
horizon line,
Foreground, middle ground, background, perspective
Touch on these important art topics that will greatly enhance this final piece
         Line, shape, contour drawing pattern, warm color, complementary colors purple and yellow, blue and orange
PRACTICE: WATERCOLOR: Use practice papers in upcoming watercolor collage opportunities.
Practice and discuss many watercolor techniques
Wet-on-Dry watercolor
wet on wet watercolor
graded washes
lifting out
Dropping in color
adding white with oil pastels
Tour of the museum play ISPY to find all landscapes.
Look at the artwork Mr. Theibaud’s River Intersection
What do you notice first? Color? Shape? Line? Pattern?
What is this painting of?
Is it a landscape?
What is missing from a traditional landscape?
What perspective is this from? ant, airplane?
What colors do you notice?
where have you seen ideas like this before?
Take a moment to sketch anything you want to remember about this piece. 
Back in the classroom
Stretch and talk more about initial impressions
PROJECT: Create a watercolor landscape using the many ideas we have discussed
contour drawing with pencil
(REMEMBER TO DRAW LIKE A COLORING BOOK you will fill in with color after)
Step1: using curved line draw a line from the top of the page to the bottom
Step2: using straight line draw a line beside but not touching the first
Step3: draw a half circle along either side
Step4: draw in three horizontal lines from the vertical line to the sides 
Step5: draw in two diagonal lines on the opposite side
Step6: draw in one thick line from the straight line to the side 
Step7: draw in circles that get smaller from the foreground to the background
Step8: draw in patterns or rows of things in one of your square patches
Step9: pick a diagonal pattern and add in stripes
Step10: add in any additional information that you enjoyed from the original piece
Fill in with watercolor: remember some of the techniques you explored earlier
Step1: fill in your washes of color first (remember colors and techniques)
step2: Fill in your piece with color 
Step3: decide if you want to glue on any of your earlier practices pages as part of your final piece.

MATERIALS:
watercolors and Several watercolor papers for each student
pencils
glue