Monday, February 19, 2018

Pop Art Wood




Lesson Objective: Students will learn about the Pop Art Movement. Students will create a Pop Art Food Sculpture in the style of the Pop Art Movement and Texture 

Project Requirements: 
Sketchbook: Create a full-color drawing of final food sculpture 
Include: Details
Texture
Pop Art Elements 
Final Project: 
Construction includes fully realized food structure
Student uses the additive construction method 
Details include accurate food texture and detail
Pop art sculpture is complete from all sides and is in keeping with pop art style

Assessment: 
Informal: Small group written critique
Formal: Artist Statement
Formal: Grading final sculpture

Modifications: 
English Language Learner: Handout for project, project samples, Powerpoint with visuals, Critique for additional understanding, Demonstration of techniques, group activities to check for understanding
Special Needs: Handout for project, project samples, Powerpoint with visuals, Critique for additional understanding, Demonstration of techniques
Accelerated Learner: Expand on skills learned to create a unique project. 
Advanced art students will be asked to increase the difficulty of their final sculpture They will also be expected incorporate more details and principles into the final project

Scaffolding adaptations: 
Students will revisit contrast, Color, Repetition, and Pattern from the earlier learning. We will use similar visuals to refresh earlier learning.  Notes on Art history, Key Vocabulary and artists will be taken throughout discussions for added understanding. Creating sketchbook plans and Constructing final sculpture will be demo started in class using guided instruction. 

Art Link: 
Compare Pop art and Op art
What is pop short for
What artist do you associate with Pop art? 
If you had to create a Pop art project what would you create? 

INTRODUCTION to the lesson (Anticipatory Set): 
Show Wayne Thiebaud’s ice cream
Analyze
Describe
Interpret

Key Vocabulary:
Pop Art
Texture
Physical Texture
Visual texture
CA STANDARDS: 
1.1 Analyze and discuss complex ideas, such as color theory, arbitrary color, scale, expressive content, and real versus virtual in works of art.
1.3 Research and analyze the work of an artist and write about the artist's distinctive style and its contribution to the meaning of the work.
1.6 Describe the use of the elements of art to express mood in one or more of their works of art.
1.4 Analyze and describe how the composition of a work of art is affected by the use of a particular principle of design.
2.1 Create original works of art of increasing complexity and skill in a variety of media that reflect their feelings and points of view.
2.2 Plan and create works of art that reflect complex ideas, such as distortion, color theory, arbitrary color, expressive content, and real versus virtual.
3.3 Identify and describe trends in the visual arts and discuss how the issues of time, place, and cultural influence are reflected in selected works of art.
4.4 Articulate the process and rationale for refining and reworking one of their own works of art.
5.2 Compare and contrast works of art, probing beyond the obvious and identifying psychological content found in the symbols and images.
5.3 Prepare portfolios of their original works of art for a variety of purposes 

INSTRUCTION: 
Students will receive details about Pop Art
Pop Artists
Texture in art
MATERIALS: 
Craft Sticks
Coffee stirrers
Wooden blocks
Small Wood pieces

DIRECT INSTRUCTION:
Day 1: PowerPoint Presentation Pop Art
Opening: Art Link:
What is pop short for?
When you hear the words Pop Art what artist comes to mind? 
If you were asked to create a Pop Art project, what would you 
Create? 
Pre-assessment: Sketchbook: Wayne Thiebaud’s Ice Cream Cones
How does this art effect you? 
Review: Describe, analyze, interpret
Teacher Models: 
Pop Art and art History
Students take notes in their sketchbooks 
Teacher Monitors throughout discussion
Check for Understanding: 
Monitor room during Pre-assessment in sketchbook
Monitor throughout discussion to be sure notes are being taken 
Presentation assessment
Art Activity: Critique Roy Lichtenstein’s Flag 
Think-Pair-Share Table Groups
Describe, Analyze, Interpret
Discussion: Pop Art
History
Pop Art defined
Pop Art Characteristics
TEXTURE: 
Texture: 
Discussion: Texture and Color
What is Texture? 
Physical Texture
Visual Texture
Teacher Models: 
Texture
Students take notes in their sketchbooks 
Teacher Monitors throughout discussion
Check for Understanding: 
Monitor room during Pre-assessment in sketchbook
Monitor throughout discussion to be sure notes are being taken 
Presentation assessment
ART HISTORY: Indirect Instruction
Each table will receive research paper on one of nine artists
Students will read, collect data and present one artist to the class as a
Group
The presentation will be of a group artwork inspired by their artist. 
Artwork must be of the subject matter most identified with the artist
Artwork must include characteristics of the artist
Students will aid in instruction by researching one of nine artists and sharing the information with the class. 
Students will take notes in their sketchbook about each of the nine artists
Wayne Theibaud
Jasper johns
Andy Warhol
Jim Dine
Roy Lichtenstein
Tom Wesselman
Claes Oldenburg
David Hockney
Robert Indiana

Day 3: Art Link: ART HISTORY: Wayne Thiebaud
VIDEO
Critique works of dessert
Color 
Texture
ART HISTORY: Barbara Spring 
Barbara Spring (1916- 2011)  94 years old
An exceptional wood sculptor, 
Barbara Spring's career began in 1935 in her native England 
She studied at the Gravesend School of Art in Kent and the Central School of Art in London. 
Her exhibits in this country span from 1962 to present.
Actively worked at the studio she built in 1972 next to her home in Big Sur. 
"Barbara is Magic.” "She can give an ordinary face so much emotion," says Greg Hawthorne of the Hawthorne Gallery, where much of her work is exhibited. 
She pokes fun at the human frailties of her characters, their pettiness, self-importance, and self-doubt
Spring's gentle sense of humor makes them sympathetically engaging. 
Her keen observation of human nature and genius for creating the subtlest nuances are further enhanced by punning titles like "Major Faupar" and "Upton O'Goode".
Sketchbook Activity: 
Begin to sketch your final wood project
Sketchbook Activity: 
Continue to sketch your final wood project add texture and color
Check for Understanding: 
Monitor room during Pre-assessment in sketchbook
Monitor throughout discussion to be sure notes are being taken 
Presentation assessment
Students will use texture (wood chips, saw dust) to achieve an emotion or mood








Environmental Installation Slab



Objective: Students explore outdoors to create an original environmental installation that demonstrates this acquired knowledge
Students define, identify and discuss the significance of these art terms in relation to their own artwork, their peer’s artwork as well as current and historical artist’s work
Historical and cultural exemplars: Andy Goldsworthy, Christo and Jeanne-Claude
Final Project is inspired by environmental photo and created through slab building with clay. 

Project Requirements: 
  • Student will explore and create an environmental installation while on nature walk
  • Student will preserve the installation through photography and video
  • Student will use the installation to inspire a final project as a slab vase. 
  • Student will design and create a hand built slab base in a style of their choosing while sticking with demo instructions. 
  • The vase will be a min of 6” and a max of 10”
  • Vase should include relief, indentation, subtraction and pattern, 
  • Student will complete the vase using only one, neutral glaze color

CA Art Standards: 
1.1 Identify and use the principles of design to discuss, analyze, and write about visual aspects in the environment and in works of art, including their own.
1.5 Analyze the material used by a given artist and describe how its use influences the meaning of the work.
2.3 Develop and refine skill in the manipulation of digital imagery (either still or video).
3.3 Identify and describe trends in the visual arts and discuss how the issues of time, place, and cultural influence are reflected in selected works of art.
4.4 Articulate the process and rationale for refining and reworking one of their own works of art.
5.3 Compare and contrast the ways in which different media (television, newspapers, magazines) cover the same art exhibition.

DISCUSSION: 
ARTIST: Christo Javacheff (June 13, 1935-           )
Christo attended the Fine Arts Academy, Bulgaria, 
When the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 broke out, he fled to Vienna.
He studied for a semester, moved to Paris and began exhibiting his works with the nouveaux réalistes. 
Christo’s earliest sculptures were composed of cans and bottles—some as found and some  painted or wrapped in paper, plastic, or fabric.

Vocabulary: Nouveaux Réalistes: Founded in 1960 by the critic Pierre Restany, artists associated with nouveau réalism (which translates as ‘new realism’) made extensive use of collage and assemblage as well as painting

While working there as a portrait artist, Christo met Jeanne-Claude de Guillebon, whom he married in 1959. 

ARTIST: Jeanne-Claude de GuillebJon  (June 13, 1935- 2009)
environmental sculptors, noted for their controversial outdoor sculptures that often involved monumental displays of fabrics and plastics.

Jeanne-Claude was once described as her husband’s publicist and business manager. 
She later received equal billing with him in all creative and administrative aspects of their work. In 1964 the pair relocated to New York City, where their art was seen as a form of Arte Povera.

Vocabulary: Arte povera:  means literally ‘poor art’ but the word poor here refers to the movement’s signature exploration of a wide range of materials beyond the traditional ones of oil paint on canvas, bronze, or carved marble
 
Christo and Jeanne-Claude’s first collaborative works included Dockside Packages
In 1968 they also completed a suspended 18,375-foot (5,600-metre) “air package” over Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
Their monumental later projects included Valley Curtain (1972; Rifle Gap, Colorado), 
Running Fence (1976; Marin and Sonoma counties, California), 
In 1985 in Paris, they wrapped the Pont Neuf (bridge) in beige  cloth. 
In 1995 the couple received the Japan Art Association’s Praemium Imperiale prize for sculptures
ARTIST:Christo and Jeanne-ClaudeThe Gates, Central Park, New York City, 1979–2005 was unveiled in 2005. Stretching across 23 miles (37 km) of walkway in Central Park, the work featured 7,503 steel  gates that were 16 feet (5 metres) high and decorated with saffron-coloured cloth panels. The Gates was on display for 16 days and attracted more than four million visitors.
Christo and Jeanne-Claude’s huge, usually outdoor sculptures are temporary and involve hundreds of assistants in their construction. 
Seen as they are by all manner of passersby, including those who would not necessarily visit museums
These works force observers to confront questions regarding the nature of art. 
As the scope of the projects widened, increased time was needed for planning and construction phases, the securing of permits, and environmental-impact research. 
For each project, they formed a corporation, which secured financing and sold the primary models and sketches. 
Most installations were documented in print and on film, and the materials that created them were sold or given away after the projects were dismantled.

ARTIST: Andy Goldsworthy (1956-     )
Born in Cheshire, England
Currently resides in Scotland. 
He studied at Bradford School of Art and Preston Polytechnic and has been making art in the environment, both rural and urban, since the  mid-1970s. 
Over the past 25 years, Goldsworthy has gained a significant reputation for both his ephemeral works and his permanent installations that draw out the endemic character of a place. 
The artist works with natural materials, such as leaves, sand, ice, and stone that often originate from the local site. 
Goldsworthy has produced more than 70 exhibitions and projects all over the world
In addition, he has made temporary museum installations at the J. Paul Getty Museum, The Metropolitan Museum, and The Tate. 
Goldsworthy's other large-scale installations in the United States include Garden of  Stones (2003, Museum of Jewish Heritage, New York); 
All of these large-scale commissioned works have their origins in ephemeral works.

Vocabulary: ephemeral: lasting for a very short time.

Andy Goldsworthy's Garden of Stones at the Museum of Jewish Heritage in NYC has trees growing from boulders creating an ongoing process of growth 

PROCEDURES: 
Students receive and hour of class time outside to create an environmental installation. 
Students document that installation in photograph
Students use their photograph to inspire their slab sculpture 

SLAB STEPS: 
  • Slab-built ceramics: the artist assembles an artwork by hand using flat slabs of clay.
  • Artists form slabs by forcing a lumps of clay through a roller mechanism, flattening the clay to a consistent thickness. 
  • Roll slabs of clay using 1/4” slab sticks (Guides)
  • Slabs can be used to build sculpture or functional vessels, and often gives the artist more freedom to alter a form from the beginning of the process.
  • Start with wedging and throwing clay on a flat surface (covered with canvas).
  • **Wedging: throwing or kneading clay to remove air bubbles
  • Spread the clay out by patting it with your whole hand.
  • Flip the clay over carefully.
Place wooden slab sticks (guides) on both sides of the clay to help you achieve an even thickness
Trace from sketchbook planning and cut with a needle tool.

Sketchbook plan should be to scale. 


Once slab is complete: Students will use additive, subtractive and relief methods to create the look of their environmental sculpture in their final sale vase. 




Thursday, January 4, 2018

Layered Illusion Sculpture



LESSON OBJECTIVE: Students will learn how the Op Art Movement effects the works of art and the viewer. 
Plan and create a wire sculpture from layered transparency with a social/political/emotional meaning. 

CA Art Standards
1.1 Identify and use the principles of design to discuss, analyze, and write about visual aspects in the environment and in works of art, including their own.
1.3 Research and analyze the work of an artist and write about the artist's distinctive style and its contribution to the meaning of the work.
2.5 Create an expressive composition, focusing on dominance and subordination.
2.6 Create a two or three-dimensional work of art that addresses a social issue.
3.3 Identify and describe trends in the visual arts and discuss how the issues of time, place, and cultural influence are reflected in selected works of art.
4.1 Articulate how personal beliefs, cultural traditions, and current social, economic, and political contexts influence the interpretation of the meaning or message in a work of art.
4.5 Employ the conventions of art criticism in writing and speaking about works of art.
5.2 Create a work of art that communicates a cross-cultural or universal theme taken from literature or history.

Key Vocabulary: 
Op Art Kinetic Optical Illusion Chromatic Achromatic Complementary           Neutral         Contrast                        Value
Emphasis Subordination Free Standing

MATERIALS: 
Wire
Transparencies
Sharpie Markers 

Modifications: 
English Language Learner: Handout for project, project samples, Powerpoint with visuals, Critique for additional understanding, Demonstration of techniques, group activities to check for understanding
Special Needs: Handout for project, project samples, Powerpoint with visuals, Critique for additional understanding, Demonstration of techniques
Accelerated Learner: Expand on skills learned to create a unique project. 
Advanced art students will be asked to increase the difficulty of their final sculpture They will also be expected incorporate more details and principles into the final project


Scaffolding adaptations: 
Students will revisit  Color, Repetition, and Pattern from the earlier learning. We will use similar visuals to refresh earlier learning.  Notes on Art history, Key Vocabulary and artists will be taken throughout discussions for added understanding. Creating sketchbook plans and Constructing final sculpture will be demo started in class using guided instruction. 

DIRECT INSTRUCTION:
Day 1: Power Point Presentation Op Art
Opening: Art Link: Gerhard Richter 
Pre-assessment: Sketchbook: 
How does this art effect you? 
Review: Describe, analyze, interpret, Evaluate 
 ART HISTORY: Gerhard Richter
Version VII—of Richter’s kaleidoscopic work, 4900 Colors (2007) in this new venue of Beijing. Composed of 196 panels, each consisting of 25 colored squares that can be arranged in 11 core configurations, this work pursues the artist’s early investigation of color field paintings which he began creating in 1966 by replicating, in large-scale, industrial color charts produced by paint manufacturers. It epitomizes Richter’s practice, and his constant quest to ultimately “desubjectivise” painting. 
Discussion: Op Art
History
Impact on culture
Objective of Op Art
Requirements to be considered Op art
  • Short for Optical Illusion Art 
  • 1964 Time Magazine article gives the art form its name Optical Art (Op Art)
  • Op Art:  appears to be moving due to the precise, mathematical composition
  • 1965 exhibition Op Art
      • Entitled, The Responsive Eye
      • Artists: Victor Vasarely, Bridget Riley and Frank Stella
  • 1965 art exhibition starts a huge fashion and advertising trend
  • Op Art exists to fool the eye
  • Creates a visual tension between the eye and mind of the viewer
  • Geometric 
  • Non-representational
  • Art elements are chosen to achieve maximum effect
        • Line
        • Shape
        • Color
  • Critical Techniques
      • Perspective
      • Juxtaposition of color
            • Chromatic (hues)
            • Achromatic (black, white, gray)
  • More then any other art movement, positive and negative space are of equal importance
In visual art, the term kinetic art refers to works that incorporate real or apparent movement. 
Op art paintings & drawings 'motion' is merely an optical illusion.

ART HISTORY: Jesus Rafael Soto
1923-2005
Born Venezuela
Kinetic Sculpture and painter
founder kinetic art
1950-1955 experiments with geometric forms
Turns Op art from 2D to 3D with large plexiglass sculptures
Influenced by Braque
1950 he moves to Paris. There he associated with Yaacov Agam, Jean Tinguely, and Victor Vasarely, as well as artists connected to Galerie Denise René and the Nouveau Réalistes (New Realists). 
Soto started out as an illusionistic painter, in 1955 he participated in Le mouvement (The  Movement) the exhibition that effectively launched Kinetic art. 

  • Kinetic Art: is art from any medium that contains movement perceivable by the viewer or depends on motion for its effect.
  • Emphasis: principle of art 
  • One element of an artwork is given dominance by the Artist. 
  • The artist makes a part of the work stand out to draw the viewer's eye there first.
  • All worthy works of art employ emphasis
  • Without this principle: the art piece seems monotonous and boring to the eye.
  • Subordination:  minimizing or toning down other compositional elements in order to bring attention to the focal point.
  • Emphasis: an area that the artist wants to draw attention to as the most important aspect. This area has dominance. 

Check for Understanding: 
Monitor room during Pre-assessment in sketchbook
Monitor throughout discussion to be sure notes are being taken 
Presentation assessment
FINAL PROJECT
  • Student will create a layered 3D art project in the style of Jesus Rafael Soto and/or Gerard Richter 
  • Student must incorporate the principle of emphasis and a social/political/emotional issue
  • Student will create an free standing interior  structure to place layers
  • Student will use a minimum of 5 transparent layers to create one art project
  • The size of the project may not exceed 10”x10”
  • The final project must include color choices






Scale Dwelling Model




Lesson Plan Nest Dwelling Model  

OBJECTIVE: 
Design and create an architectural model of a dwelling for a specific species of bird of your choice.

MATERIALS: 
sticks, wooden matches, toothpicks, dowel rods, straws, mat board, cardboard, paper, Foam Core, wire any combination of the above, or similar materials of your choice.

CA Advanced Art Standards
1.3 Research and analyze the work of an artist and write about the artist's distinctive style and its contribution to the meaning of the work.
1.4 Analyze and describe how the composition of a work of art is affected by the use of a particular principle of design.
2.1 Solve a visual arts problem that involves the effective use of the elements of art and the principles of design.
3.3 Identify and describe trends in the visual arts and discuss how the issues of time, place, and cultural influenc
4.1 Articulate how personal beliefs, cultural traditions, and current social, economic, and political contexts influence the interpretation of the meaning or message in a work of art.
4.5 Employ the conventions of art criticism in writing and speaking about works of art.
5.2 Create a work of art that communicates a cross-cultural or universal theme taken from literature or history.

DISCUSSION: 
  • An architectural model is a type of scale model - a physical representation of a structure - built to study aspects of an architectural design or to communicate design ideas.
  • Architectural models are a good way of presenting a 3D version of your architectural design, interior design, or urban design project. 
  • They give you a sense of how the different elements will feel in reality combined together
  • SCALE: In art the size relationship between an object and the human body is significant. In experiencing the scale of an artwork we tend to compare its size to the size of our own bodies. 
  • Proportion refers to the relative size of parts of a whole (elements within an object, i.e.: your face). 

ARTIST: 
Tim Prythero
  • Creates miniaturized structures that record nostalgic moments in time
  • Small worlds are simple but powerful and dramatic 
  • Favorite subjects include gas stations, trailer parks, diners, and architectural kitsch. 
  • He researches his subjects and spends hours carving and assembling and hand painting his environments.  


ARTIST:
  • M. Pei was born in China on April 26, 1917. 
  • In 1935 he began studying architecture in the United States 
  • He earned his B.A. from MIT and his M.A. from Harvard. 
  • He started his own architectural firm in 1955, Pei designed such well-known structures as the Kennedy library, the glass pyramid at the Louvre. 
  • Pei continued to design impressive buildings during the 1990s, including the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • Now in his nineties, Pei continues to design innovative structures throughout the world. 
  • He has countless honors for his work within the field of architecture.
  • In December 1992, Pei was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George H. W. Bush

PROJECT REQUIREMENTS:
Student will research a bird of their choosing
Based on that specific species birds habits, needs, etc., student will design (sketchbook) and build a scale architectural model of the bird's habitat. 
This habitat should not be traditional. Be creative. 
In the design, include a visual reference to at least one characteristic of the bird AND an element that references a specific human-made architectural structure. 

Additional Resources
You may want to explore the work of  Frank Gehry, Zaha Hadid, Moshie Safdie








Repeated Paper Modules






Repeated Paper Modules 

PROJECT OBJECTIVE: 
Create a repeated Paper Module Sculpture inspired by origami
Fold, curl, twist or crumple paper (magazine pages, printed out photos, maps, book pages, etc.) and create 30-60 of the same form (they can be different sizes). Glue the papers into either a 3D-sculptural form or a relief sculpture on painted cardboard. This piece should emphasize unity/variety and balance.

PRESENTATION: 
Critical to 3-D production, students must consider presentation: 
  • Freestanding
  • Suspension
  • Relief
  • Pedestal
  • Consider the environment

CA ART STANDARDS
1.5 Analyze the material used by a given artist and describe how its use influences the meaning of the work.
2.1 Solve a visual arts problem that involves the effective use of the elements of art and the principles of design.
3.4 Discuss the purposes of art in selected contemporary cultures
4.1 Articulate how personal beliefs, cultural traditions, and current social, economic, and political contexts influence the interpretation of the meaning or message in a work of art.
4.4 Articulate the process and rationale for refining and reworking one of their own works of art.
5.2 Create a work of art that communicates a cross-cultural or universal theme taken from literature or history.

DISCUSSION: 
  • Origami historians argue that since the invention of paper is credited to Ts'ai Lun of China in A.D.105, paper folding must have been invented soon after. 
  • Paper was then introduced to Japan in the late sixth century by Buddhist monks, and paper folding was brought along with it. 
  • In Japan, paper was considered an expensive commodity, and it was used in many aspects of Japanese life, most notably in architecture. 
  • Historians claim that origami is definitely a Japanese invention. 
  • Regardless of its ultimate origin, Japan is recognized as the country that most fully developed the traditional art of origami.
  • The Japanese transmitted their designs via an oral tradition
  • Recreational designs being passed from mother to daughter. 
  • Because nothing was ever written down, only the simplest designs were kept. 
  • The first written instructions appeared in AD 1797 with the publication of the Thousand Crane Folding 
  • The name origami was coined in 1880 from the words oru (to fold) and kami (paper). Previously, the art was called orikata ("folded shapes”).
Origami generally involves folding a square piece of paper into a two or three dimensional object. 

Folding paper in origami is typically performed by hand only on a smooth surface, but can include tools: including a scorer, embosser, paper clips and tweezers.

Origami has a strong link to mathematics, and can be seen used in practical solutions such as airbags in vehicles

Origami has been a common subject of copyright issues, as designs have been often stolen and republished.

ARTIST: 
  • Richard Sweeney was born in Huddersfield, England in 1984. 
  • He discovered a talent for sculpture at Batley School of Art and Design in 2002
  • He studied Three Dimensional Design at the Manchester Metropolitan University, 
  • He concentrated on the hands-on manipulation of paper to create design models, which ultimately developed into sculptural pieces in their own right.
  • Richard’s practice combines the disciplines of design, photography, craft and sculpture, resulting in a varied output of work including graphic design and public sculpture commissions. 
  • Richard seeks to maintain an experimental, hands-on approach, utilizing the unique properties of often mundane materials to discover unique sculptural forms. 
  • He regularly holds workshops to share his knowledge of paper folding and construction techniques

PROJECT REQUIREMENTS: 
  • Create a repeated paper modules sculpture
  • Fold, curl, or origami paper (your choice of paper: magazine pages, printed out photos, maps, book pages, etc.) 
  • Create min: 50-100 of the same form (they can be different sizes). 
  • Sculpture should emphasize unity, variety, and balance.
  • Student must consider presentation: suspension, relief or free standing on floor/base













Wednesday, March 22, 2017

Rhythm Paper Mache




Lesson Objective 
Work with elements of art: Shape, Color
Work with principles of Art: Rhythm
Create a Rhythm Paper Mache Sculpture in the style of Sam Gilliam 

Key Vocabulary: 
  • Color Field: Bright Colors Presented in shape, large works that force the viewer the experience a field of color. 
  • Harlem Renaissance: A cultural and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of W W I and the middle of the 1930s and beyond.  
  • Rhythm: The reputation of movement like a beat in music or dance. 
  • Pattern: The regular repetition of an art element 
Materials: 
Cardboard
Foam Core
paint
glue
exacto knives
wheat paste
GESSO: 
Glue 1 part
Water 1/2 part
White Acrylic Gesso 1 part 

Focus Artist: 
Sam Gilliam

Project Requirements
Create Paper Mache Sculpture exploring pattern, music, and rhythm using color and shape to show Sam Gilliam’s influence.
Sketchbook: Students will pick a piece of music and draw black and white construction plans for each side of their Rhythm sculpture and submit plans for approval. 
Required: 
Cardboard and foam core sketchbook plan construction
Abstract shape and rhythm with Sam Gilliam’s influence apparent
Sketchbook: While sculptures are drying: students will add color and pattern to their     
                                    sketchbook designs. 
Required: 
Analogous colors and values present on final sculpture
Pattern present on all sides of the sculpture
Assessment: 
Informal: Large group Oral Critique
Formal: Artist Statement
Formal: Grading final sculpture

CA STANDARDS: 
1.1 Identify and use the principles of design to discuss, analyze, and write about visual aspects in the environment and in works of art, including their own. 
1.4 Analyze and describe how the composition of a work of art is affected by the use of a particular principle of design.
2.1 Solve a visual arts problem that involves the effective use of the elements of art and the principles of design.
3.3 Identify and describe trends in the visual arts and discuss how the issues of time, place, and cultural influence are reflected in selected works of art.
4.1 Articulate how personal beliefs, cultural traditions, and current social, economic, and political contexts influence the interpretation of the meaning or message in a work of art.
4.5 Employ the conventions of art criticism in writing and speaking about works of art.
5.2 Create a work of art that communicates a cross-cultural or universal theme taken from literature or history.

Modifications: 
English Language Learner: Handout for project, project samples, Power point with visuals, Critique for additional understanding, Demonstration of techniques, group activities to check for understanding
Special Needs: Handout for project, project samples, Power point with visuals, Critique for additional understanding, Demonstration of techniques
Accelerated Learner: Expand on skills learned to create a unique project. 
Advanced art students will be asked to increase the difficulty of their final sculpture They will also be expected incorporate more details and principles into the final project

Scaffolding adaptations: 
Students will revisit Shape, Color, and Pattern from the earlier learning. We will use similar visuals to refresh earlier learning.  Notes on Art history, Key Vocabulary and artists will be taken throughout discussions for added understanding. Creating sketchbook plans and Constructing final sculpture will be demo started in class using guided instruction. 

Art Link: 
Small Group Critique Sam Gilliam’s The petition 
Describe
Analyze
Interpret
Large Group Critique 
Reveal Sam Gilliam’s Thoughts on the work. 

INTRODUCTION: Sam Gilliam
Art History: Sam Gilliam, Color Field Art Movement, Harlem Renaissance and music in art. 

OBJECTIVE: Create Cardboard sculpture exploring color, shape, and rhythm in the style of Sam Gilliam
Cardboard and foam core Construction with Paper Mache
Must Complete Sculpture from all Angles in a 3 color palette exploring music/emotion
Critiques Sam Gilliam as pre-assessment
Discuss and practice drawing your final project on paper for construction and color. 
Work closely with teacher before moving through each step of the project
Students will understand new vocabulary as is relates to visual art

INSTRUCTION: 
Students will discover review the elements of Shape, color, and the principle Rhythm. They look at the artwork of Sam Gilliam and create a Paper Mache, Rhythm Sculpture exploring color and emotion. 

DIRECT INSTRUCTION:
Power Point Presentation Sam Gilliam, Color Field, Harlem Renaissance, Music, Color
Pre-assessment: Critique Sam Gilliam’s, The Petition
Opening: Art Link: Photo of Sam Gilliam’s, The Petition
Small Group Discussion
Describe the work
Analyze the artwork
Interpret The artwork 
Large Group Discussion
Discussion: Art History: Sam Gilliam, Color Field and Harlem Renaissance 
ART HISTORY: Sam Gilliam 
Sam Gilliam (1933-      ) 
Tupelo, MS, African American, Color Field Painter 
Associated with the Washington Color School 
Works also considered: Abstract Expressionism 
Works on stretched, draped and adds sculptural 3D elements. 
First artist to show painted canvas hanging without stretcher bars, 1965.
Views teaching art as a part of his mission.
In 1975, Gilliam was influenced by jazz musicians: Miles Davis and John Coltrane. 
He started producing dynamic geometric collages, which he called “Black Paintings" due to the hue.  
Watch Video
Color Field: 1950\
An offshoot of Cubism
Bright colors are presented in shapes
The works emphasize the flatness of the canvas because that is what a painting is literally about.
Subject: The tension set up between the colors and shapes. 
    • The shapes seem to both emerge and submerge into the colors.
    • These works are very large, the viewer must experience the color as an enormous expanse: a field of color.
Harlem Renaissance: 
A cultural and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of W W I and the middle of the 1930s and beyond.  
During this period Harlem was a cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, and poets. 
Many had come from the South, fleeing its oppressive system to find a place to freely express their talents. 
The Renaissance incorporated jazz and the blues, attracting whites to Harlem speakeasies.
Take what you heard with your ears and try to translate that to what you would see with your eyes. 

Rhythm: in art, is a visual beat.
Color: can convey rhythm, by making your eyes travel from one component to another. 
Line: can produce rhythm by implying movement. 
Form: can cause rhythm by the ways in which they're placed one next to the other. 
Pattern: Regular repetition of an element 

Teacher Models 
Examples of vocabulary on the board throughout discussion 
Students take notes in their sketchbooks 
Teacher Monitors room throughout discussion
Check for Understanding: 
Monitor room during Pre-assessment in sketchbook
Monitor throughout discussion ensure comprehension and active note taking 
Various Activities Designed to check/enhance student comprehension
Sam Gilliam Video
Students will watch video and take notes on Sam’s Comments about his art
Activity: Sketchbook Drawing: Students will listen to music and draw shapes from what they hear 
PROJECT Requirements:  Create a Paper Mache, Rhythm Sculpture exploring color, music, and emotion in the style of Sam Gilliam. 

Sketchbook: Sketchbook: Students will pick a piece of music and draw black and white construction plans for each side of their Rhythm sculpture and submit plans for approval. 
Required: Cardboard and foam core sketchbook plan construction
Abstract shape and rhythm with Sam Gilliam’s influence apparent
                        While sculptures are drying: students will add color and pattern to their sketchbook designs. 
Required: 
Analogous colors and values present on final sculpture
Pattern present on all sides of the sculpture
Must complete and paint All sides and angles of the sculpture (Details)

Final Project: Create a Paper Mache, Rhythm Sculpture exploring color, music, and emotion in the style of Sam Gilliam. 
Students will be assessed on: 
Effort in Class: Studio, Daily Art Link and Discussions 
Sturdy Paper Mache’ and covered newsprint. 
Use of a 3 color palette expressing emotion of song choice 
Use of one pattern on each side of final sculpture (4 total)
Must construct, gesso, paint sculpture from ALL Angles
Precision (Painting and Construction)
Cardboard Construction

How sculpture looks from ALL sides